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Miscanthus giganteus: a giant full of resources, cultivated in France since 2006

Miscanthus is a perennial grass of the Poaceae family. But it is more precisely the Miscanthus giganteus, a natural and sterile hybrid, which is cultivated in France and Europe. This one develops from non-invasive rhizomes. Its canes can reach 4 meters in height. They are harvested dry at the end of their senescence, between March and April, when their humidity is lower than 17%.

Miscanthus giganteus is a crop that combines very high productivity, up to 20 tons per hectare per year, and ecological cultivation. After the first year of planting, Miscanthus does not require any phytosanitary products or systematic fertilization. This is why this crop is more and more implanted in connection with institutional actors to protect water catchment areas or to fight against erosion. And so miscanthus is now eligible for environmental interest areas (EIA) with a weighting of 70%.

Miscanthus has many uses: biofuel for biomass heating, animal bedding (cattle, poultry, horses, pets), horticultural mulch, bio-sourced plastics, insulating biomaterials...

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